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Citation & Format Guide


Unattributed/Anonymous interview

Indicate the reason for the absence of interviewee name (e.g. all interviews were conducted in confidentiality, and names have been withheld).

1. Interview with social worker, June 20, 2017.

Unpublished interviews

Usually cited in the body of the footnotes. These interviews can also be listed in bibliographies. Include in your citation the name of the interviewee and interviewer; identifying information; the place or date of the interview; and if reference a transcript, indicate where it may be found.

1. Eileen Fisher (pastor, ABC Church in Evanston, IL), in discussion with the author, September 1998.

2. Benjamin Spock, interview by Milton J. E. Senn, November 20, 1974, interview 67A, transcript, Senn Oral History Collection, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

Shortened footnote

3. Fisher, discussion; Spock, interview.

For more information see CMOS 14.21114.212.

Treat published interviews as you would an article in a periodical. Interviews found online should include the url.


1. Lydia Davis, “The Art of Fiction No. 227,” interview by Andrea Aguilar and Johanne Fronth-Nygren, Paris Review, no. 212 (Spring 2015): 172, EBSCOhost.

2. McGeorge Bundy, interview by Robert MacNeil, MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour, PBS, February 7, 1990.

3. Russell Crowe, interview by Charlie Rose, Charlie Rose, April 23, 2015,



Bellour, Raymond. “Alternation, Segmentation, Hypnosis: Interview with Raymond Bellour.” By Janet Bergstrom. Camera Obscura, nos. 3–4 (Summer 

     1979): 89–94.

For more information see CMOS 14.213.