The Learning Commons


Using Google Scholar


Google Scholar can be found at: http://www.google.com/scholar/

You will have different search results depending on how you build up your search query. It is critically important to creat a proper query to find relevant resources and to save research time. Because search engines use different search mechanism, the instruction explains the basic method of query building based on Google search engine.

  1. Use - when you don't want to include a particular term, for instance, if you want history but not the history of Europea, you would search: history -Europe
  2. Use OR (capital) to find either term listed: theology OR religion
  3. Use " " to find a phrase, for instance, "Chicago City Mission Society," will search the phrase Chicago City Mission Society rather than for articles that include all four words.
  4. Common words, such as prepositions and interrogatives, are removed from your search. In order to search for a phrase, you should include quotation marks. For instance:

Who is Derrida
"Who is Derrida"

Are actually very different searches.

Additionally, you can set up Google so it knows you're a CTS student!

Follow these steps:

  1. Go to scholar.google.com
  2. Sign in to your Google account (if you haven't already)
  3. Above the Google logo, click "settings"
  4. On the left-hand side of the page, click "Library Links"
  5. Enter Chicago Theological Seminary in the search box below "Show library access links" and hit the return or enter key
  6. Click on the box next to "Chicago Theological Seminary -- Find it at CTS"
  7. It may be worth searching for your local public library and adding it, as well.
  8. Click SAVE.
  9. Now, whenever you search on Google Scholar, Google will know you're a CTS student! On the search results page, if CTS has paid for access to it, there will be a link to the right of the results that says "Find it at CTS"
  10. Click that Find it at CTS link, enter your CTS login information, and gain access!


Remember, when performing any kind of research, it is important to keep in mind and ask:

  1. Who is the author? Who is the publisher? (Authority)
  2. Is it factual or may it actually be persuasive and/or deceptive? (Accuracy)
  3. When was it published? (Currency)